Upcoming examinations, unmet deadlines, traffic jams, problems with friends and family, relationship troubles, environmental hassles- Think carefully, what kind of emotions do these situations evoke? Imagine yourself continuously dealing with such troublesome events, what do you think is going to be the resultant outcome of it? Exactly! These are going to cause you mental uneasiness which is generally known as stress and you might begin to feel exhausted both mentally and physically.
What is stress?
This the situation called stress can be defined as disequilibrium in your mind that may or may not cause bodily wear and tear, depending upon its intensity that arises when there is too much on your plate to tackle and you are either out of resources or out of confidence to meet these demands.
The stressors - Every stressful situation has certain elements that act as the building blocks of stress. These are either chemical or biological reactions of your body and an environmental situation that causes tension. Broadly these can be divided into two subcategories and seven sub-subparts namely-
A. Short-Term Stressors-
1. Acute Stressors
2. Personal and Non-Personal Stressors
3. Unknown Stressors
4. Trigger Stressors
B. Long-Term Stressors-
5. Daily Hassles
6. Chronic Stressors
7. Ripple Effect Stressors
Types of Stress-
While most of us think all mental illnesses can only do us harm (which is true by the way), stress stands out. Obviously, there is no denying that stress causes you trouble and discomfort but if you think it through, it isn’t that bad after all.
Notice what urges you to perform well? What motivates you to reach your goal? As a matter of fact, the situations that push you to perform well are considered to be good for your aim achievement.
So this means stress can be of two types- Positive Stress and Negative Stress
1. Positive Stress (Eustress) - The minimum level of stress needed for optimal performance in a task, that does not any harm to the mind and the body is called ‘eustress’.
2. Negative Stress (Distress) - When your stress level exceeds the normal limits and begins to cause your body and mind troubles and uneasiness, it is termed as ‘distress’.
Factors affecting stress-
Individual Differences- If you ask what the demarcation between eustress or distress is, or if there is any quantitative amount that we can use to assess whether a person has positive stress or a negative one? Then apologies, there is no clear-cut difference between the two and what maybe eustress for one might be distress for the other, thus this means that individual differences highly prevail in stress.
Lifestyle- Another important aspect is the kind of lifestyle one leads, the more hassles a person deals with the more prone they are to stress. In other words, the susceptibility of you developing stress or what amount shall constitute as eustress or distress is directly proportional to your living style and living standards.
Positive Mindset Vs Negative Mindset- As they say- believe and you’re halfway there. This one line pretty much sums up this whole point. Your mindset plays an extremely pivotal role in determining your absolute threshold for stress and the differential threshold between eustress and distress.
None of us can run away or escape the clutches of stress especially now that it is so common and widespread but with positive thinking and optimism towards every situation that arises in your life, you can tackle stress like a pro.